Everything You Need to Know About Monkeypox

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Monkeypox

Monkeypox is an abnormal disorder caused by the infection of the monkeypox virus. The virus is a part of the family of variola virus, which belongs to the subfamily Orthopoxvirus, this virus results in causing smallpox.

Symptoms of Monkeypox

The dormancy of the monkeypox virus is 21 days after which the symptoms start to emerge. The symptoms of monkeypox are lighter compared to the smallpox symptoms.

Initial Symptoms

High fever, headache, muscle pains, back pain, swelling of glands, tiredness, trembling, exhaustion, and swollen lymph nodes are some of the symptoms of the monkeypox virus. Followed by these symptoms, people start having rashes on their skin which often begin to appear on their face and then spread to the other body parts. The rashes keep spreading until they form a scab and shed off. Period of Disease

This disease lasts for a period of two to four weeks.

Is Monkeypox life-threatening

As reported by the World Health Organization (WHO), in places like central Africa have insufficient healthcare facilities, 1 in 10 infected people die if they are prone to the virus. However, in most cases, patients recover within a span of two to four weeks.

Is Monkeypox a Communicable Disease?

Monkeypox is contagious in many ways, the virus transmits by person-to-person direct contact with the infected person’s rashes, scabs or bodily fluid can also cause the spread of the disease.

It spreads through respiratory secretions from a diseased person’s face-to-face direct contact with that person.

The strain that is currently spreading has had a fatality rate of around one percent in previous monkeypox outbreaks. So far, the current outbreak has been less fatal in non-endemic countries, many of which have stronger health-care systems. 

Prevention

A monkeypox patient seeks medical help, covers his face properly with a mask, and avoids close contact with other people until he/she is healing properly.

The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) advises people to stay away from those colonies which are colonized by monkeypox-infected animals. In contact with substances like the diseased animal’s beds is also strictly prohibited. Recommendation for Isolation of monkeypox-infected patients.
If you are in contact with the infected patient or animal, then he/she should wash their hands properly with soap and water or use an effective alcohol-based sanitizer. Wear a PPE kit when treating the patient is a must for healthcare professionals and caregivers.

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