Recently, the Ministry of Education released the National Achievement Survey (NAS) 2021 report. The triennial survey was conducted in November 2021. About 34 lakh students of 1.18 lakh schools in 720 districts from both rural and urban areas have participated in NAS 2021.
Actually, National Achievement Survey is a nationwide survey to assess the learning outcomes of the education system. It is the largest, nationwide, sample-based education survey conducted across India(undertaken by the Ministry of Education).
The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) conducted NAS 2021.
The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) designed an assessment framework and tools for NAS-2021.
The majority of the states performed significantly below the overall national score, some states such as Kerala, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, and Punjab performed better than the national average. Delhi’s performance in class eighth and class 10 was better when compared with the national average. Punjab has scored highest in all subjects for classes 3, 5, and 8.
The perception of students about learning at home during the pandemic when the schools remained closed; 78% of students termed it as burdensome with a lot of assignments. At least 38% of the students faced difficulties in learning at home while 24% said they did not have digital devices at home.
The status of Indian Education in the Indian Constitution and related laws:
Part IV of the Indian Constitution, Article 45 and Article 39 (f) of Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP), has a provision for state-funded as well as equitable and accessible education.
The 42nd Amendment to the Constitution in 1976 moved education from the State to the Concurrent List.
The 86th Amendment in 2002 made education an enforceable right under Article 21-A.
Right To Education (RTE) Act,2009 aims to provide primary education to all children aged 6-14years and enforces education as a fundamental right. It also mandates 25% reservation for disadvantaged sections section of society.