Assam’s Rising Debt: A Closer Look at the BJP Government


The financial landscape of Assam has come under scrutiny as the state grapples with a staggering total loan debt of Rs 1,09,071.22 crore since 2016. State Finance Minister Ajanta Neog, responding to queries in the Assam Assembly during the Budget Session, assured that all remaining loan debts would be repaid by 2025.

According to Neog, loans taken by the state government from April 1, 2016, to March 31, 2023, under the BJP government led by former Chief Minister Sarbananda Sonowal and current Chief Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma, amounted to Rs 1,09,071.22 crores. This revelation raises questions about the fiscal policies and management of resources during the BJP’s tenure.

During Sonowal’s tenure from 2016 to 2021, the government incurred loans totaling Rs 66,020.65 crores, averaging Rs 13,204.13 crores annually. On the other hand, under the leadership of Himanta Biswa Sarma from 2021 to 2023, the government borrowed Rs 43,050.57 crores, with an annual average of Rs 21,525.285 crores. The contrast in borrowing patterns between the two regimes sheds light on the evolving fiscal strategies.

Finance Minister Ajanta Neog highlighted that loans from 2001 to 2015 had been successfully cleared. Currently, an audit is in progress for the remaining loan debt from 2023, with plans to clear it by the end of the year. The commitment to resolving outstanding debts indicates the government’s recognition of the financial challenges and a proactive approach to managing the state’s fiscal health.

The assurance of debt repayment by 2025 reflects the government’s intent to address the financial burden systematically. However, the looming question remains: How will the state navigate its financial commitments while ensuring sustainable development and addressing the needs of its citizens?

The annual borrowing trends also raise concerns about the economic impact and the effectiveness of utilizing borrowed funds. The shift from an average annual borrowing of Rs 13,204.13 crores during Sonowal’s tenure to Rs 21,525.285 crores under Sarma prompts a closer examination of the allocation and utilization of these funds.

As Assam marches towards debt resolution by 2025, stakeholders, including citizens and policymakers, must critically evaluate the fiscal decisions made during the BJP government’s rule. Transparency in financial reporting, prudent resource management, and a comprehensive strategy for debt reduction will be crucial to ensure a stable economic future for the state.

In conclusion, the revelation of Assam’s substantial loan debt underscores the importance of responsible fiscal policies and effective resource management. As the government commits to clearing outstanding debts, the focus must now shift to fostering economic growth and addressing the needs of the people while ensuring a sustainable and resilient financial future for Assam.



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